Crude Imports Falling, Thanks to Domestic Output

Mark Green

Mark Green
Posted February 18, 2015

Falling crude oil imports is a good-news story for the United States – indicative of greater U.S. energy self-sufficiency, resulting in less dependency on others and increased American energy security in the world.

According to the U.S. Energy Information Administration (EIA), net imports of crude fell by more than 2.7 million barrels per day (bbl/d) from 2008 to 2014:

EIA Net Imports 2008 to 2014

At the same time, domestic crude production has increased by more than 3.6 million bbl/d:

EIA Crude output 2008 to 2014

Easy to see: The increase in U.S. domestic crude production from 2008-2014 exceeds the decline in net crude imports over the same time period. The easy conclusion: The reduction in the amount of crude oil the U.S. is importing – strengthening both America’s energy security and overall security – results from growth in domestic production.

Simple, right? Not for everyone. Ethanol proponents often say that ethanol production gains are reducing crude imports. Uh, no. Not really. As we noted in a post last year, domestic oil production gains more than account for declining crude imports. Ethanol production has grown since 2008, but the increase of about 322,000 bbl/d (through October last year, the latest data available) is simply too small for proponents to claim that it is supplanting crude imports. The truth is growing ethanol production has virtually nothing to do with falling crude imports.

Here’s another way to look at it, an updated version of a chart from last year:

Updated Chart Ethanol not Reducing Imports

Again, crude imports (red bar) declined by more than 2.7 million bbl/d from 2008 to 2014. Domestic crude production (blue bar) grew by more than 3.6 million bbl/d over the same period. Growth in ethanol output (yellow bar) is an insignificant factor.

The year 2008 is important in this analysis because the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007, which set the required ethanol-use volumes for the current Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS), was signed into law Dec. 19, 2007. The goal of the law was to spur the United States toward greater “energy independence and security” by reducing imports of crude oil.

That is indeed happening – but not because of the RFS.


Mark Green joins API after spending 16 years as national editorial writer in the Washington Bureau of The Oklahoman newspaper. In all, he has been a reporter and editor for more than 30 years, including six years as sports editor at The Washington Times. He lives in Occoquan, Virginia, with his wife Pamela. Mark graduated from the University of Oklahoma with a degree in journalism and earned a masters in journalism and public affairs at American University. He's currently working on a masters in history at George Mason University, where he also teaches as an adjunct professor in the Communication Department.

Energy Tomorrow is a project of the American Petroleum Institute – the only national trade association that represents all aspects of America’s oil and natural gas industry – speaking for the industry to the public, Congress and the Executive Branch, state governments and the media.